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Rosacea is a fairly common and bothersome condition. It occurs on the face, especially the cheeks, mid forehead, nose and chin. There can be pimple like lesions, broken blood vessels or both.



What is rosacea?

Rosacea is a fairly common and bothersome condition. It occurs on the face, especially the cheeks, mid forehead, nose and chin. There can be pimple like lesions, broken blood vessels, or both. Sometimes there can be a feeling of flushing, irritation or itching.

If left untreated the blood vessels continue to dilate and a permanent sunburned look can develop; in severe cases the nose may grow swollen and bumpy from excess tissue growth. It is not related to your general health, but can sometime cause problems in the eyes, so tell your doctor if you have any eye irritation.

What causes rosacea?

The cause of rosacea is unknown. It is a stubborn condition that lasts for years. Certain foods and beverages may cause a flare or a flushing of your rosacea. These include spicy foods, hot liquids, alcohol. Other things that may flare it include sun exposure, exercise, hot showers, topical preparations containing alcohol, and even stress or anxiety. Take note when these flare-ups happen and tell Dr. Jennifer Janiga at the time of your office visit.

What is the treatment for rosacea?

There is not a cure for rosacea. Avoiding triggers is the first step in any rosacea regimen.  The second step is sun protection with hats, clothing and broad spectrum sunscreen.  Antibiotics by mouth are usually effective in controlling the acne component of rosacea through anti-inflammatory effects. The blood vessel component is more difficult to treat.  Some topicals may help decrease the onset of more blood vessels, but usually the ones that are already present will need destruction, either with a laser or an electrical current.

What are the triggers for rosacea?

This is not a complete list, each person is unique; be aware of things that cause flare-ups:

  • Foods: liver, yogurt, sour cream, cheese, chocolate, vanilla, soy sauce, yeast extract (bread OK), vinegar, eggplant, avocados, spinach, broad leaf beans and pods (lima, navy, pea), citrus fruits (tomatoes, bananas, red plums, raisins, figs), and spicy and thermally hot foods.
  • Beverages: alcohol (especially red wine, beer, bourbon, gin, vodka, or champagne), hot drinks
  • Emotional influences: stress or anxiety
  • Skin Care Products: alcohol, witch hazel, acetone, fragrance
  • Temperature related: Sauna, hot shower or bath, overheating from exercise, hot environment
  • Weather: Sun exposure, strong wind, cold, humidity
  • Drugs: vasodilators, topical steroids

Contact the National Rosacea Society at 1-888-NO-BLUSH or online at www.rosacea.org.

For more information, or to set up a consultation with Dr. Jennifer Janiga for your Rosacea evaluation in our Reno dermatology office, please send us an email or call 775-398-4600.

Appointment length varies and depends on severity of condition or other contributing factors, but is usually not more than 15-30 minutes.

Jennifer J. Janiga, MD, FAAD

Dr. Janiga enjoys taking care of both adults and children. Her extensive training and years of experience in medical dermatology, lasers, and cosmetic procedures allows her to treat her patients with the comprehensive attention they deserve.

Dr. Janiga listens attentively to what patients have to say, and works with them in planning the right course of action on an individual basis. Honest talk, humility and a fresh perspective paired with years of experience and education all contribute to the effectiveness of her straightforward care.